Energy and buildings

The building sector, including construction and operation, accounted for 36% of global energy consumption and 37% of CO2 emissions in 2019. Electricity consumption in building operations represents nearly 55% of global electricity consumption.

Energy and buildings

The buildings sector emission increase is due to a continued use of coal, oil and natural gas for heating and cooking combined with higher activity levels in regions where electricity remains carbon intensive. Energy transition relies on reducing energy consumption, (thanks to energy sobriety and efficiency), sustainable construction and renovation (including passive measures), and the use of renewable energy.

Cover photo © Hoan Ngá/Pexels.